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  • Jurnal Societas Dei Vol. 05, No.1, April 2018

    AMBIGUITAS DIFERENSIASI AGAMA DAN NEGARA DI INDONESIA

    Binsar Antoni Hutabarat, Reformed Center for Religion and Society

    ABSTRACT:This article entitled, “The Ambiguity of the Differentiation between Religion and Nation in Indonesia” focuses on discussing how the relationship between religion and nation is not subduing one another. First of all, it is discussed about the latest research on the relationship between religion and nation, and its theoretical basis as the foundation, then the theory of differentiation between religion and nation also discussed as the best middle way of the relationship between religion and nation that is not subduing one another. After that, it is also discussed about the concept of differentiation between religion and nation according to Pancasila, and the ambiguity happened towards the policy of differentiation between religion and nation in Indonesia. In this writing, it is found that the differentiation between religion and nation according to Pancasila has a strong theoretical basis and relevant in Indonesian context. It is only that the impact of the ambiguity of differentiation still causes discriminative action to certain religion. KEYWORDS:ambiguity, differentiation, religion and nation, Pancasila


     

     

    TOLERANSI PASCAKONFLIK ANTARAGAMA DI TOBELO

    H. Hans Panjaitan, Reformed Center for Religion and Society

    ABSTRACT: This article on "Tolerance of Interfaith Conflict in Tobelo" will measure the level of religious tolerance in Tobelo District to see the current state of religious tolerance in Tobelo. This study was conducted in the form of a survey of high school students in Tobelo District. Tobelo student's opinion can be a gauge to see the level of religious tolerance in Tobelo. The findings of this research are: high levels of interreligious tolerance in Tobelo, but based on data on integration surveys among community groups that have been involved in the conflict must still be improved to foster mutual trust among different religious groups. Therefore, the research recommendation is that local governments should continue to foster the spirit and spirit of tolerance among religious followers by, for example, building diverse communities of religions, especially within the scope of education. KEYWORDS: tolerance, conflict, religion, tolerance education, Tobelo


     

    KONSEP ”SATU TUNGKU TIGA BATU” SOSIO KULTURAL  FAKFAK

    SEBAGAI MODEL INTERAKSI DALAM KEHIDUPAN ANTARUMAT BERAGAMA

    Daud Alfons Pandie, Dosen Program Pascasarjana STT Reformed Injili Internasional

    ABSTRACT: In the context of the plurality of religion in Indonesia, efforts to develop the study of "religious harmony" became very important. Unfortunately, the study about this topic still very rare. Since the reform era of information research focusing on aspects of religious harmony with the approach of the survey still small number of group, and its popularity is lower than with the research information related to religious conflicts. This paper is one of the efforts the study of harmony between religious communities in the context of Fakfak on the Province of West Papua. Community objective conditions that reflect the reality of the oneness of the Fakfak between plurality of religion with a determination for unity between the person itself and between people and between place. In terms of ethnic and cultural difference, but not a lot of religious and regional language with dialects into a form that is typical of the history of the Islands. To unite the Fakfak of Papua with the social and religious conditions like that, they make a consensus together to create a cultural system, referred to by the term "one-three-stone stove". One three-stone stove is seen as a cultural system that diabstrakan of concrete events, used to understand things living togetherness in individuals and society. Unity in the cultural system of society this defenseless Fakfak strong adhesive. Moreover, the condition of the community characterized the history of the third entry of the religion at the same time. The concept underlying mindset and setting the matter of integration as a force of ethnic fraternity, although different religions. This cultural system considered that gives direction and orientation to the citizens of the community to establish the same culture of tribal solidarity, harmony, tolerance between ethnic groups, religions, and social. Cultural system called a three-stone stove in public life as a manifestation of the Fakfak idiologi culture, are seen as important and valued so deceived behaviour in life between believers.   KEYWORDS: one-three-stone stove, interact, believers


     

    KONSUMERISME: “PENJARA” BARU HAKIKAT MANUSIA?

    Andreas Maurenis Putra, Lulusan Teologi Filsafat Universitas Katolik Parahyangan Bandung

    ABSTRACT: Consuming goods for the necessities of life is a natural thing. However, consuming that exceeds the limit until wasting should be avoided. The dilemma of human needs today presents a new phenomenon in terms of fulfilling the necessities of life. This phenomenon is none other than-widely known by society- consumerism. The process is to use goods of production in excess or inappropriate manner consciously and sustainably.

    So, this phenomenon (consumerism) continues to be one of the central themes in this era of globalization. Unfortunately, the ferocity of this ideological influence ostracizes the fundamental values ‚Äč‚Äčthat exist within each individual. Consumerism eliminates the significance of the basic essence that exists in man. Humans who should remember the nature of themselves as social beings who are always connected to one another in this cosmos are now slowly losing that meaning.

    With the mindset and lifestyle of consumptive, human as if imprisoned and alienated. Quality of life is no longer measured based on the value of meaningfulness for others and the environment but measured by materials. This consequence becomes a fundamental crisis which is human’s essence degradation. KEYWORDS: consumerism, identity, behaviour, imprisoned, awarness, social person, religious person, threatment, simplicity


     

    KEBIJAKAN  KREDIT USAHA RAKYAT (KUR) DALAM PANDANGAN  THEORY OF JUSTICE JOHN RAWLS

    Wadyo Pandapotan Pasaribu, Mahasiswa Program Pascasarjana STF Driyarkara

                                                                                                                   

    ABSTRACT: This article with a title "ThePolicy of People Business Credit (PBC –ID: KUR) in the view of John Rawls’ Theory of Justice" will firstly explain the economic condition of our country (the Republic of Indonesia) from the analysis of experts in economy and government’s view to the current economic situation. Next, the discussion is about the formula of the policy of people business credit as an economic policy of Indonesian government in her effort to reduce the number of economic gap or income gap with a business fund allocation to SMEthrough PBC program. Then, this article explains John Rawls’ general principle of justice which is related to pareto optimalitywhereas on its practical level it is distributive justice that takes effect, in which each actor will get in accordance with his contribution in the market. KEYWORDS: people business credit, distributive justice, John Rawls


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  • Societas Dei Vol. 04, No. 1, April 2017

    Binsar A. Hutabarat, Reformed Center for Religion and Society

    EVALUASI TERHADAP PERATURAN BERSAMA MENTERI TAHUN 2006 TENTANG PENDIRIAN RUMAH IBADAH

    ABSTRACT: This article with a title “Evaluation to the Joint Regulation of Ministers in 2006 about the Establishment of a House of Worship” will focus on the evaluation of the formulation of the Joint Regulation of Ministers in 2006 about the Establishment of a House of Worship (Peraturan Bersama Menteri – PBM), as well as the evaluation of the application and impact of the enacted regulation. The research methodology uses qualitative research with an in-depth interview to some church leaders in Bekasi, West Java, who are directly connected with the enactment of this regulation, and also research to the related documents with the PBM, especially the policy wich founded the PBM. The research finding is the formulation of the Joint Regulation of Ministers about the Establishment of a House of Worship has not yet fitted with the formulation policy model of a democratic country so that its application is not in accordance with the expected goal. PBM application gives negative impact to the inter-religious harmony in Indonesia. KEYWORDS: regulation of the esthablisment of a house of worship, freedom of worship, policy evaluation.


    Agustinus M.L. Batlajery, Universitas Kristen Indonesia Maluku

    THE VIEWS OF SEVERAL INDONESIAN REFORMED THEOLOGIANS REGARDING ECUMENICITY

    ABSTRACT: Based on historical researches concerning ecumenical movement in Indonesia, it could be  found that the formation of the Council of Churches in Indonesia (DGI) which later changed its name to the Communion of Churches in Indonesia (PGI) can not be separated from the role of Calvinist or Reformed church leaders and theologians at the time. In discussing about stimulus and urgency for unity among various churches in Indonesia, we can see that the views of several Reformed figures was very significant. Their opinions were effected by Calvinist thinking that chracterized their churches. This article is trying to describe the views of several Indonesian Reformed theologians before and after the formation of DGI/PGI regarding ecumenicity. Therefore we can say that Calvinist thinking has played very valuable role in the ecumenical movement in Indonesia.  KEYWORDS: ecumenicity, ecumenical movement, church unity, Indonesian Reformed Theologians, Calvinist thinking.


    Togardo Siburian,  Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Bandung

    MELAMPAUI POLITISI, MENUJU NEGARAWAN: REFLEKSI ETIS KRISTIANI

    ABSTRACT: This article wants to study the possibility of principles of statemen for politician in these days. As we know, most politicians behave an conduct more as a handiman of politics, instead of a statemen (used to be called: “politicos”). Therefore Christian reflection on ethics became essential to comprehend the imbalance practice and concept that emerged. This studies is done from ethical perspective through library research. Out of the three things mentioned that make political issues today chaotic particularly is: 1) A detached politics from ethics, 2) political study today only focused on law and social studies, 3) and forget philosophical and historical perspective to the study. Based on the way of ethical politics today, we found a principles that enrich ecclesiastical mandate and transformation in society. KEYWORDS: political matters, ethics, politician, statemen, Christian, transformation, mandate, church.


    Iqbal Hasanuddin,  Universitas Islam Negeri  Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

    HAK ATAS KEBEBASAN BERAGAMA/BERKEYAKINAN: SEBUAH UPAYA PENDASARAN FILOSOFIS

    ABSTRACT: This paper tries to give a philosophical foundation to the rights to freedom of religion/belief. So far, the rights to freedom of religion/belief have been considered legitimated because resulted in General Assembly of the United Nations as mutual consensus of all nations around the world. Although, the normativity of the rights to freedom of religion/belief based on that mutual consensus is not ethical-philosophical, but political. By the justice argument of John Rawls and the self-ownership argument of Robert Nozick, this paper tries to give a moral foundation to the guarantee of respect and protection of the freedom of religion/belief. KEYWORDS: freedom of religion/belief, human rights instruments, forum internum, forum eksternum, justice, slef-ownership.

     


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  • Societas Dei Vol. 03, No. 2, Oktober 2016

     

     

     

    Dirk Griffioen, Utrecht Mission, Utrecht

    THE RELEVANCE OF GOD'S COVENANT FOR A REFORMED THEOLOGY OF RELIGION

    ABSTRACT: In God's Revelation, the structure of the covenant consists of God's promises and Israel’s answer to them. In the covenant God has revealed Himself personally to both individuals and his chosen people. In the theology of religion developed by Hendrik Kraemer, there are two types of religion: The (prophetic) religion based on God’s revelation and the other (naturalist) religions are based on efforts to grasp the identity of his real self with divine reality, this is called as ‘trans-empirical self realization’. What is the essence of religion based on God's self revelation? God's revelation is the only source of all knowledge about true spirituality and the salvation in Christ. The Bible as the witness of God's revelation to prophets and apostles is the criterion of all religious truth. The Bible relates the history of redemption, gives a foundation to personal faith, and is the only guidebook to the life and work of the Christian community. From this starting point I try to analyze the Biblical concept of religious truth as the standard for determining religions, and to give a real answer to God’s self revelation. KEYWORDS: covenant, revelation, faith, religion.

     


    Togardo Siburian, Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Bandung 

     

    MENUJU KESETARAAN DALAM BERAGAMA YANG BERBUDAYA:  REFLEKSI SEMINARIAN INJILI 

     

    ABSTRACT: This article discusses a variety of modern man who is more civilized from the Evangelical perspective. Nowadays, the relations between different  religious people is still filled with religious violence and conflicts. This happens because of extreme radicalism views wich perhaps are caused by the leftovers of our religious studies  and practices in the past. There was a misunderstanding in processing religion wich could destroy the future of human civilization due to the absence of a culture of togetherness. The Evangelical Christianity may participate to think few principles of religious life wich are better for present humanity. The recommended principles are: 1) the importance of natural religious comparison in the normal society, 2) returning to the principle of missional church, 3) prioritizing the ethical emphasis more than the apologetical, 4) the balance between faith commitment and religious tolerance, 5) prophetic leadership rather than priesthood only, 6) faith particularism than religious exclusivism in inter-religious approach, 7) personal spirituality rather than individual religiosity. Thereby it is hoped that religious people may live together easier within the context of national unity and world peace. KEYWORDS: religious, conflict, collective civilization, normal comparison, ethical, prophetic, missional, particular.

     


     

    Syaiful Arif,  Peneliti Perhimpunan Pendidikan Demokrasi (P2D)

     

    ISLAM, RADIKALISME DAN DERADIKALISASI BERBASIS PANCASILA

     

     

    ABSTRACT: Religious radicalism (Islam) developed the theological thought to counter-Pancasila and the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI), it can be fought and softened with Pancasila itself. This is due to the fact that the cause of such radicalism is a misunderstanding to the Pancasila and its political system. Pancasila is regarded as a secular political ideology, whereas it actually cared pattern for the relationship between religion and state that upholds the values of divinity on the one side, and the public virtue on the other side. Deradizalisation of religion based on Pancasila can be applied with two strategies. First,  proving the existence of religious dimension of Pancasila and Republic of Indonesia to undermine the secular claims from the radical groups. Second, learning the nature of politics which contained in Pancasila. These nature of politics are more in line with the political ideals of Islam, rather than the ideology of Islamism which tends to the violent. KEYWORDS: Islam, radicalism, deradicalization, Pancasila.


     

    Edy Syahputra Sihombing, Mahasiswa Magister Unika Parahyangan, Bandung, Indonesia    

     

    MENGHIDUPI KESEJATIAN AGAMA: TAWARAN YANG MENGGUGAT EKSISTENSI AGAMA

    SEBAGAI USAHA PARTISIPATIF DALAM PEMBANGUNAN INDONESIA

    ABSTRACK: Since human culture exist, religion is also exist in it’s variety. Religion has became the mode existence of human being. Basically the religion is the place to which gives space for humans to communicated, meet with the ultimate reality. In the development of human culture, religion is experiencing by a growing change in form and contents. Earlier, religion is a relationship between human and the ultimate reality, that overtime turned into an institutions that has systematically conceptualised doctrine in the form of dogmatic. The purpose of religion also shifted from efforts to more close eith the ultimate reality became human attempt to increase followers. Religion seem more concerned with quantity than quality. The shifts is likely to lead a conflict and violence to many people. This became a responsibility for Indonesian’s religions. This paper want to explain the truth of religion supposed and looking the positive influence of Indonesian’s religions in an influence of Indonesian’s religions in an attempt to build Indonesian become to nation that able to thrive religioan pluralism. KEYWORD: Religion, Paradigm, Ideology, Religious violence, Religious repentance, Indonesian development.

     


    Lina Gunawan, Sekolah Tinggi Teologi  Reformed Injili Internasional (STTRII) Jakarta, Indonesia

    KESETARAAN DAN PERBEDAAN LAKI-LAKI DAN PEREMPUAN:

    KRITIK TERHADAP GERAKAN FEMINISME

     

    ABSTRACT: This article with a title: The Equality and Distinction Between Man and Woman: A Critique to the Feminist Movement", will firstly discuss about the feminist movement comprehensively and afterward itu will discuss about the feminist movement within Christianity, gender-equality issues, as well as the distinction between man and woman from the view of Christian feminism. After these, it will be discussed gender-equality issues and the distinction between man and woman from the perspective of Reformed theology. Then a critique  to the feminist movement within  Christianity will be discussed. The finding of this article is that the feminist movement within  Christianity has indeed grown a better appreciation for the woman,  especially in the equality between man and woman wich is a reality. The consequence is the authority of the Bible is accused by this Christian feminist movement. KEYWORDS: feminism, Christian feminism, equality, distinction, Reformed theology.


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  • Societas Dei Vol. 03, No. 1, April 2016

     

     

    Binsar A. Hutabarat  &  H. Hans Panjaitan, Reformed Center for Religion and Society (RCRS) Jakarta, Indonesia

     

    TINGKAT TOLERANSI ANTARAGAMA DI MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

     

    ABSTRACT: This article will measure the level of religious tolerance ini Indonesia. The measurement of this level of tolerance is based upon views of some students' organization in Jakarta. These samples are chosen because they are groups wich have most involvement in the issue of religious relationship. The samples wich are used to represent the population of students' organizations are five religious related organization, namely: Christian Student Movement of Indonesia (GMKI), Islam Students Community (HMI), Buddhist Students Community of Indonesia (HIKMAHBUDHI), Hindu Dharma Students Union of Indonesia (KMHDI), and Catholic Students Unity of the Republic of Indonesia (PMKRI). The views of these students' organizations are expected to be measurement tools for the level of religious tolerance in Indonesia society, wich are very important to preserve the integrity of Indonesia as a nation. Data collection in this research uses surveys in the form of Likert scale, as well as  structured interview. Data analysis is done with triangulation method so that it is expected that data validity can be well preserved. KEYWORDS: tolerance, religion, violence.

     


     

    Antonius Steven Un,  Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Reformed Injili Internasional (STRII) Jakarta, Indonesia

     

    CALVINISME DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN:  SUATU TINJAUAN FILOSOFIS

    TERHADAP PEMIKIRAN ABRAHAM KUYPER DAN IMPLIKASINYA PADA ETIKA ILMU PENGETAHUAN

     

    ABSTRACT: This article is focused on systematic explanation of Abraham Kuyper’s thought on Calvinism and science. Some of significant contributions of Calvinism are the theological foundation of science and its liberation from church’s invasion. This article uses a philosophical approach in its methodology and not a theological one. Therefore, I frequently make critical dialogues with the philosophy of science in reading and analyzing Kuyper’s notion. Final ending of this research is an articulation of its implications to the ethics of science. On this point, I will consider the contribution of David Resnick. KEYWORDS: Calvinism, science, Abraham Kuyper, ethics.

     


    Amos Winarto Oei, Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Aletheia, Lawang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia

     

    PEMAHAMAN IDENTITAS MORAL DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN ETIS

    BAGI PARA PESERTA DIDIK PENDIDIKAN AGAMA KRISTEN

    ABSTRACT:  This article examines whether appealing to learners’ moral identity makes a significant contribution to their ethical decision making. Moral identity theory and experiment in moral psychology will be used as a source to be reckoned with in improving ethical decision making. This is to avoid excessive emphasis on emotions, environment and knowledge of the rules which did have an impact on one's ethical decision making. The approach used in this article is the quantitative approach. The result showed that the understanding of moral identity can act as an element to boost the ability of ethical decision making. This suggests that religious education which appeals to the learner’s moral identity can help them to make better ethical decision when complementing the emotional, the environment and the rule-based knowledge approaches. Thus, it is expected that the learners can have good moral character in the future. This moral identity appeal should be widely adopted as a common practice in religious education class.  KEYWORDS: moral identity, ethical decision, understanding, cognitive development,  religious education.


    Jahdiel N. Perez,  Mahasiswa Filsafat dan Teologi Kristen Harvard Divinity School

    MOBILIZING MUSIC-MAKERS FOR THE FUTURE OF REFORMED THEOLOGY

    ABSTRACT: If Reformed theology hopes to impact contemporary and future societies as much as possible it will have to harness the unique power of music to influence the world beyond the walls of the Church. In this essay, I want to draw attention to the ways in which Christianity, in general, and Reformed theology, in particular, are criticized through music and what we can do to respond. I will introduce an approach to Christian apologetics, which I call sonic-apologetics that enables our music-makers to defend the faith musically. In the first part of this paper, I will discuss five problems to which sonic-apologetics is an answer. This will anchor the second part of this essay, in which I construct sonic-apologetics from three notions: (1) methodological emphasis on effects, (2) genres of expression, and (3) the distinction between linear and angled apologetic responses. In the final part of this essay, I present two different study cases of sonic-apologetics. Nothing about what I will discuss regarding sonic-apologetics changing existing liturgical norms of Christian churches, especially Reformed ones. It does, however, call for those producing and performing music in these churches to direct their music-making interests and abilities toward the world outside the church walls. KEYWORDSreformed theology, music, sonic-apologetics.


    Yasintus T. Runesi, Depertemen Filsafat Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Indonesia

    UNIVERSALISME PAULUS MENURUT ALAIN BADIOUN: URAIAN DAN TANGGAPAN

     

     

    ABSTRACT: When people believe that social particularities raise plurality of views in the contemporary society, Badiou introduces the idea of ​​the universality of the singular subject with the aim of overcoming the so-called global village without solidarity. This article is a description of Badiou’s thought, which is included in the line of thinkers which moves "small boat of thought" to the subject and the subjectivity of human. In the first section, I will outline Badiou’s view about the problem of homogenization, followed by his view of Christianity as an event, which will lead us to his view on the universal singularity that is rooted in the proclamation of St. Paul. At the end, I will propose a critical note on his views in comparison with some philosophers who also spoke about St. Paul. This paper will be closed with a conclusion on the significance of Badiou’s thought, in the context of contemporary society's pluralism, especially in Indonesia. KEYWORDS: Badiou, St. Paul, universality, singular subject, pluralism.

     


    Imelda Ginting, Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Reformed Injili Internasional (STTRII) Jakarta, Indonesia

     

    LEGALISASI PERNIKAHAN SEJENIS DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM MORAL JOHN CALVIN

     

     

    ABSTRACT: This article will firstly discuss in brief about the fact of the LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender), situational ethics as its foundation for justification, and the community which fights for the legalization of the same-sex marriage. In this section, I will explain on the foundation which is used for justification of same-sex marriage’s legalization. After that, I will give a review on John Calvin’s moral law to assess whether the foundation which is used for that justification is appropriate. The finding of this article is that same-sex marriage’s legalization does not have an appropriate foundation according to Calvin’s moral law. Therefore, this cannot be accepted by the church. KEYWORDS: same-sex marriage, moral law, John Calvin.

     


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  • Societas Dei Vol. 02, No. 2, Oktober 2015

    Benyamin F. Intan,  Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Reformed Injili Internasional

     

    MISI KRISTEN DI INDONESIA: KESAKSIAN KRISTEN PROTESTAN

     

     

    ABSTRACT: In this article, the writer reveals the presence and struggles of Protestant churches in Indonesia doing God’s mission within world’s largest Muslim population country. Firstly, the writer explains the challenges and strives of Protestant churches since the time of Dutch colonialism, Japanese colonization, until Indonesian independence which includes the Old Order and the New Order. This article also highlights Indonesian churches’ struggle of independence to release themselves from the control of Dutch government, fully leaning to Christ, as well as the strategic role of Christianity in preventing nation’s disintegration to make Indonesia one. After that, the writer then performs critical reflection on the struggles of Protestant churches in Indonesia from the perspective of Reformed theology. The writer found that the presence of Christian mission in Indonesia is far from the force of arms and economic greed. However, churches in Indonesia cannot detach themselves from various challenges and suffering in God’s mission which includes Evangelical Mandate and Cultural Mandate. Therefore, while they are still entrusted by Christ, churches in Indonesia ought to perform their dutiful calling faithfully and joyfully. KEYWORDS: God’s mission, witness, evangelism, protestant church in Indonesia, ideology, religion-state relation, mission’s institution.


     

    Christine Schirrmacher, Bonn University, Germany

     

    THE SHARIA-BASED UNDERSTANDING OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM AND WOMEN'S RIGHTS

    IN CONFLICT WITH THE SECULAR

    ABSTRACT:  The areas of conflict relating to the freedom of religion and women’s rights do not affect the majority of Muslims who practice their religion in Germany and, in the process, they do not clash with the constitutional state. This is also not a matter having to do with those theologians who take their justification for comprehensive religious freedom and equal rights for women from the Koran and, respectively, other normative sources of Islam. Rather, it has to do with those influential scholars who interpret the norms and commands of Islam in such a way that conflicts arise with the laws of a secular constitutional state. These scholars defend the view that the laws of the Sharia are prior to the norms of the secular constitutional state and are obligatory for all Muslims.

           At the present moment, the question of freedom of religion could be virtually understood as a topic which, in largely secularized Europe and for the religiously neutral state, possesses little relevance. To what extent do inner-Islamic standpoints interest the constitutional state on the question of religious freedom? For the constitutional state, it does not concern itself with the question of evaluating a religion and its doctrinal content. This also applies with respect to Islam. There, however, where actions are justified by religious convictions, or where they follow from them or are declared to be mandatory by influential religious opinion leaders, and where these actions infringe upon established law or limit the basic rights of individuals, the state and its representatives have to concern themselves with these convictions, independent of whether these convictions are of a religious, political, or of a religious and political nature. KEYWORDS: Germany, Islam, freedom of religion, women’s rights, the constitutional state, conflicts.


    Binsar A. Hutabarat,  Reformed Center for Religion and Society

     

    PENDAPAT PIMPINAN-PIMPINAN GEREJA DI BEKASI TENTANG IZIN PENDIRIAN RUMAH IBADAH

    DALAM PERATURAN BERSAMA MENTERI TAHUN 2006

     

     

    ABSTRACT: The article, entitled "Opinion The church Leaders in Bekasi on the Permit Construction of Houses of Worship in the Joint Regulation of the Minister of the Year 2006, will be explained about the implementation of policies permit the establishment of houses of worship in Joint Regulation of the Minister (PBM) in 2006 in Bekasi, as well as the implications for church in that place, through the opinion of the church leaders in Bekasi. First, authors will describe the Guarantee Rights of Religion, Belief, Worship and Establish Home Worship based on Pancasila and the Indonesian Constitution, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, The Covenant, and documents declarations of the United Nations (UN), and also explained about permit the establishment of houses of worship of Letters Joint Decree (SKB) until the PBM. After that, will be presented regarding the results of the opinion of the church leaders in Bekasi on the implementation of the policy permits a house of worship in Bekasi. Opinion leaders in Bekasi Church will be grouped in four categories, namely: A) The church which has a license, and not problematic. B) The church is having problems obtaining a license, a problem with the public, but finish. C) The church that does not have a license but has no problem with the community. D) The church that does not have permissions and have problem with the community, and did not finish. The findings obtained are church leaders in the four categories above found PBM on authorizing the establishment of houses of worship contrary to Pancasila and the Indonesian Constitution  and the values ​​of human rights are universal, and implementation of government policies that adversely affect the lives of religious believers in Bekasi, both in the internal relations of religion, as well as in interreligious relations. KEYWORDS: permit the establishment of houses of worship, Joint Ministerial Decree, Pancasila, the Indonesian constitution, human rights.


    Adrian Jonatan, Gereja Reformed Injili Indonesia

     

    KONTRIBUSI PEMIKIRAN EGBERT SCHUURMAN MENGENAI PERMASALAHAN

    DAN SOLUSI TEKNOLOGI MODERN

     

    ABSTRACT: In the modern technological world, human is constantly relating with technology, be it as a user or as a part of technological production mechanism. But what is technology, what kind of value that technology brings, and how should one response to technology? Does technology brings good, bad or neutral? These are the questions that we need to answer as we live in a technological world. In the philosophy of technology, there is one thinker, who represents the school of Reformational Philosophy, named Egbert Schuurman. In the midst of two kinds of reaction towards technology (optimistic and pessimistic) Schuurman proposes a Liberating Perspective as the third option. This perspective is aware of the deep influence of human sinfulness in technological development. However, it also considers the beauty of creational design and Christ’s redeeming power for technological development. In this article, the writer would like to observe Schuurman’s thoughts regarding this Liberating Perspective as a considerable solution to the problems of modern technological life.  KEYWORDS: technology, modern, society, reformational philosophy, liberating perspectives, responsible ethics.


    Yakub Kartawidjaja, Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Reformed Injili Internasional

     

    THE THEOLOGY OF DEATH IN CANTATA BWV 106

    BY J. S. BACH: A CRITICAL STUDY

     

    ABSTRACT: The text of Cantata BWV 106 shows two forms of organization: symmetry and chronology. The former is shown by similar sets of correspondences in the musical texture, which display the antithesis: death under the Law versus death under the Gospel. The latter is visible in the four solos and central fugue/solo/chorale complex between the prologue and doxology. The chronology passes through the stages of the history of Israel to the coming of Christ, his death on the cross, and the era of the Christian church. The sequence can be read as an internal progression from fear of death and acceptance of its inevitability to faith in Christ and in the promise of the Gospel, and finally, to the willingness of the believer to die in Christ and his church.  KEYWORDS: Luther, death, law, gospel, faith, sleep. 

     

     


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